Extracts from
Winthrop's Journal


[The first entry was dated 29 March 1630 when Winthrop's ship, the Arbella, was riding at Cowes, Isle of Wight. The ship arrived off Massachusetts on 12 June.]


[12 Jun 1630] "About four in the morning we were near our port. We shot off two pieces of ordnance, and sent our skiff to Mr. Peirce his ship (which lay in the harbor, and had been there [blank] days before.)" … "After Mr. Peirce came aboard us, and returned to fetch Mr. Endecott, who came to us about two of the clock, and with him Mr. Skelton and Capt. Levett.


[13 Jun 1630] "About two in the afternoon we descried the Jewel."

[17 Jun 1630] "As we came home, we came by Nataskott, and sent for Capt. Squib ashore—(he had brought the west-country people, viz., Mr. Ludlow, Mr. Rossiter, Mr. Maverick, etc., to the bay, who were set down at Mattapan,)—and ended a difference between him and the passengers; whereupon he sent his boat to his ship, (the Mary and John,) and at our parting gave us five pieces. At our return we found the Ambrose in the harbor at Salem."

[1 Jul 1630] "The Mayflower and the Whale arrived safe in Charlton harbor."


[2 Jul 1630] "The Talbot arrived there. She had lost fourteen pasengers."
"My son, Henry Winthrop, was drowned at Salem."

[3 Jul 1630] "The Hopewell and William and Francis arrived."

[5 Jul 1630] "The Trial arrived at Charlton, and the Charles at Salem."

[6 Jul 1630] "The Success arrived."

[7 Jul 1630] "The Lion went back to Salem."

[29 Oct 1630] "The Handmaid arrived at Plymouth, having been twelve weeks at sea … She had about sixty passengers…"


[5 Feb 1631] "The ship Lyon, Mr. William Peirce, master, arrived at Nantasket. She brought Mr. Williams, (a godly minister,) with his wife, Mr. Throgmorton, [blank] Perkins, [blank] Ong, and others, with their wives and children, about twenty passengers, and about two hundred tons of goods. She set sail from Bristol, December 1. She had a very tempestuous passage, yet, through God's mercy, all her people came safe, except Way his son, who fell from the spritsail yard in a tempest, and could not be recovered, though he kept in sight near a quarter of an hour. Her goods came all in good condition."

[8 Feb 1631] "The governor went aboard the Lyon, riding by Long Island."

[9 Feb 1631] "The Lyon came to an anchor before Boston, where she rode very well, notwithstanding the great drift of ice."


[18 Feb 1631] "The Ambrose, whereof Capt. Lowe was master, being new masted at Charlton, spent all her masts near Newfoundland, and had perished, if Mr. Peirce, in the Lyon, who was her consort, had not towed her home to Bristol."


[27 Jun 1631] "There came to the governor Capt. Southcot [?] of Dorchester, and brought letters out of the White Angel (which was lately arrived at Sauco). … This ship, the Angel, set sail from [blank]."


[6 Jul 1631] "A small ship of sixty tons arrived at Natascott, Mr. Graves master. She brought ten passengers from London. They came with a patent to Sagadahock, but, not liking the place, they came hither. … These were the company called the Husbandmen, and their ship called the Plough. Most of them proved familists and vanished away."


[2 Nov 1631] "The ship Lyon, William Peirce master, arrived at Natascot. There came in her the governor's wife, his eldest son, and his wife, and others of his children, and Mr Eliot, a minister, and other families, being in all about sixty persons, who all arrived in good health, having been ten weeks at sea, and lost none of their company but two children, whereof one was the governor's daughter Ann, about one year and a half old, who died about a week after they came to sea."

James Kendall Hosmer, editor, Winthrop's Journal "History of New England", 1630–1649, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York (1908), digital image, Archive.org. (Researched by Chris Sackett).