Simon Sackett the colonist

(1595-1635)
FatherThomas Sackett the younger (c 1557-1615)
MotherMartha Strowde (c 1560-1631/32)
Simon Sackett, son of Thomas Sackett the younger and Martha Strowde, was born in St Peter in Thanet, KentG, in 1595. He was baptized at St Peter's ChurchG, on 23 November 1595.1 He died in Newtown (later Cambridge), MassachusettsG, between 5 and 10 October 1635.2 He married first at St Peter's ChurchG, on 2 November 1618, Elizabeth Boyman.3,4 She died after only seven years' marriage and was buried at St John's Church, Margate, KentG, on 27 February 1625/26.5 He married second at St John's ChurchG, on 6 August 1627, Isabel Pearce.6,7
     Simon would have been one of the unnamed sons each left £10 in their father's will made at BirchingtonG on 23 June 1615.
     Simon and Isabel emigrated from Thanet, Kent, to Boston, Massachusetts, between 1630 and 1631.8 They were amongst the first settlers of Newtown, sometime before 1632, and remained there until Simon's death just a few years later in 1635. On 5 August 1633, Simon was granted half an acre for a cowyard in Cambridge.9 On 20 August 1635, he was also granted a one-acre share of meadow land.10 Administration of Simon's estate was granted by the General Court to his widow Isabel on 3 November 1635.11
     After Simon's death, Isabel removed with her young sons Simon and John to Hartford, Connecticut, travelling with the hundred-strong Hooker congregation. There she married, as his second wife, William Bloomfield.
[Reverend Thomas Hooker's company arriving at the Connecticut River]12

     Despite a short life—he had probably not reached forty when he died in 1635—Simon Sackett the colonist enjoys a pivotal position in the history of the Sacketts, becoming the progenitor of the major part of the American branch of the family.
     Early migrants from England to the New World had various motivations for seeking a new life in a virtually unknown country and for undertaking the hazardous journey. Many fled religious persecution, but others removed in hopes of a better, more prosperous future. England had entered on a half-century of chronic trade depression. Propagandists for the Massachusetts Bay Company, which had been founded in 1629, were active in the recruitment of settlers. And there was the promise of boundless fertile lands. Some were escapees from threatening plague or famine. Survival in the new land would depend crucially upon the application of essential practical skills; thus, many were farmers or were engaged in allied trades. Well-placed migrants took with them their servants and these, too, were to become founding fathers of America.
     Simon's reasons for embarking on his American adventure are not known. Nor do we know his occupation. Given the documentation of the time, it would seem likely that, had Simon emigrated for reasons of religious conviction, there would remain recorded evidence of the fact. But it is dangerous to speculate as to his reasons; it is to be hoped that further information will come to light. It is worth, however, considering Simon's family circumstances at the time.
     Simon Sackett was born, probably in November 1595 (he was baptised on 23 November 1595), in the small rural parish of St Peter in the Isle of Thanet on the north-east coast of Kent. He was the sixth of nine children, and third of five sons, born to Thomas Sackett and his wife, Martha (nee Strowde). Simon's father, Thomas, who had died when Simon was 20, was a yeoman farmer in Birchington, a parish some five miles west of St Peter. Thomas had evidently established a farm at Birchington some time after the birth of his youngest child, Elizabeth, in 1604.
     The description of Thomas, in his will made in 1615, as a 'yeoman' implies that he owned at least some of his land. However, the term does not necessarily imply significant wealth and it is clear from his will that his house and land at St Peter's were mortgaged and that his house and land at Birchington were rented. His will directed that the St Peter's property be sold to pay his debts and legacies. Thomas had inherited lands and a tenement at St Peter's from his father, also Thomas. Thomas the elder, although possessed of property, described himself in his will as a 'labourer'; again, that will does not suggest significant wealth.
     Simon was about 35 years old when he made his fateful decision to emigrate. Two of his brothers had died, older brother Thomas some eleven years earlier, and younger brother William about fifteen years earlier. Although there is no direct confirmatory evidence, it is possible that they were victims of plague or other epidemic which occurred frequently in Birchington in the early part of the 17th century13. His eldest brother John and youngest brother Henry survived and, although it had not been specified in their father's will, it would seem possible that John continued to farm the family lands in Birchington.
     Simon had by then been married twice; first in 1618 to Elizabeth Boyman, and following her death in 1625/26, secondly to Isabel Pearce in 1627. Elizabeth had borne him three daughters, Christianna in 1620, Elizabeth in 1623, and Martha in 1625. Of these, only Christianna is known to have survived to adulthood, marrying Thomas Tanner in 1641. No death or burial records for Elizabeth or Martha have been found but it is reasonable to assume that they died in infancy or childhood, perhaps the victims of plague. In any event, when he emigrated, Simon left at least one young, motherless, daughter behind, presumably in the care of one of his brothers or sisters.
     Although Weygant gives specific details of the dates and method of Simon's journey to Boston, Massachusetts, on the Lyon from Bristol on England's west coast, it has not yet proved possible to verify from primary sources that he was a passenger on this particular voyage.14,15 Weygant's version is probable but is known to be inaccurate in the important particular of Simon's origin, Weygant stating this to be the Isle of Ely, Cambridgeshire instead of the Isle of Thanet, Kent. Other writers have proposed various dates for Simon's migration (Riker, "about the year 1628 or '29"; Savage and Anderson, 1632). The earlier dates would seem less likely as there were relatively few settlers before the sailing of the Winthrop fleet of eleven ships in 1630. If Simon was indeed on this Lyon voyage then he would certainly have met John Winthrop as the latter boarded the ship on 8 February 1631 as it rode at anchor off Long Island.16
     Weygant records Simon as being engaged, with others, in building dwellings in Newtown, Mass., in 1631. Confirmation of this date would be of help in determining Simon's date of migration. Although it is likely that Simon was there in 1631, it has not been possible to confirm this. The first record of Simon found in Newtown (Cambridge) is in the undated list (almost certainly of 1632) in the Cambridge Town Records. The Cambridge Historical Commission have placed a plaque in Winthrop Park stating that Dudley, Bradstreet, Lockwood, Poole, Patrick, Spencer, Kirman, and Sackett had completed and occupied houses in Newtown by 26 July 1631. However, study of the Commission's source (Lucius Paige's History of Cambridge) suggests that this rather stretches the evidence. It would perhaps be more accurate to say that Dudley and Bradstreet had built houses in Newtown by 1631 and it is likely that the others had also done so.17
     Weygant relates the family tradition as told to him by his father-in-law, Samuel Bailey Sackett, that Simon with his brother, John, travelled on the Lyon in company with Roger Williams. The existence of this brother has since been challenged (by Anderson) and our further researches have revealed that Weygant's primary evidence in support of the family tradition, that John Sackett, Simon's alleged brother, filed an inventory of his own son's estate (in 1684) was mistaken. With the removal of Simon's brother, John, the question is opened of the relationship between Simon and John of New Haven (claimed by Weygant to have been the son of Simon's brother)—and, indeed, the migration of this John Sackett.

Extract from The Sacketts of America
Weygant, The Sacketts of America.
The Family Tradition recorded by Weygant, pp 3-4.

"About ten years after the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Plymouth, Simon and John Sackett, brothers, came from England to Massachusetts, in company with Roger Williams. John Sackett followed Mr. Williams to Rhode Island and finally settled at New Haven, becoming the founder of the New Haven branch of the family. Simon Sackett remained in Massachusetts, was one of the founders of the City of Cambridge, and is the progenitor of the Massachusetts and Long Island, N.Y., branches."

Simon Sackett, pp 12-14.

1. Simon Sackett 160?-1635. On December 1, 1630 the ship Lyon, laden with provisions consigned to colonists who had the preceding year accompanied or followed Lord John Winthrop to New England, sailed from the seaport city of Bristol. The passenger list of the Lyon on this particular voyage contained 26 names, a little band of well-to-do Puritan colonists who had voluntarily left comfortable homes in the land of their birth, where liberty to worship God in accordance with the dictates of conscience was by law denied them, and seeking new places of abode, with such fortune as might await them on the rugged shores and in the primeval forests of the New World. Among the heads of families of this pioneer band were Roger Williams, Simon Sackett, John Sackett, John Throkmorton and Nicholas Bailey. The family of Simon Sackett included his wife Isabel, and their infant son, Simon Sackett Jr.
This mid-winter voyage of the ship Lyon was unusually severe. She did not reach Nantasket Roads, off Boston town, the port of her destination, until February 5, 1631. About a month previous to her arrival, Governor Winthrop, Deputy Governor Dudley, and the "Assistants" to whom and their successors, King Charles had committed the charter government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, had formally selected, a few miles from Boston, on the Charles River, a site for a new town, which it was their avowed purpose to fortify and make the permanent seat of government. It was understood and agreed that the Governor, Deputy Governor, and six of the eight assistants, should each erect on the site selected a permanent house, suitable for the accommodation of his family, in time to spend the following winter there. But shortly thereafter several of the assistants became deeply interested in private business projects at Boston and other settlements and neglected to carry out their part of the agreement. The undertaking was not, however, abandoned or long delayed, for in the spring of 1631, Winthrop, Dudley and Bradstreet, together with six other "principal gentlemen," including Simon Sackett, "commenced the execution of the plan" by erecting substantial dwellings. The house built and occupied by Simon Sackett and his family stood on the north side of what is now Winthrop Street, in the centre of the block, between Brighton and Dunster Streets.
From the commencement of the settlement records were made of the "agreements of its inhabitants" touching matters of mutual interest, as well as of the public acts of town officials-all of which have been preserved to the present day. Wood, in his "New England's Prospects", written in the latter part of 1633, gives the following description of the place, which at that time was called Newtown, but three years later was re-christened Cambridge:
"This is one of the neatest and best compacted towns in New England, having many fair structures, with many handsome contrived streets. The inhabitants, most of them, are very rich and well stored with cattle of all sorts, having many hundred acres of land poled in with general fence, which is about a mile and a half long, which secures all their weaker cattle from the wild beasts."
Newtown did not, however, become the permanent seat of government of Massachusetts Bay Colony, but it did become, is to-day, and will undoubtedly long remain the seat of America's most famous university.
In the founding and laying out of this embryo "city in the wilderness", Simon Sackett was a potent factor, but the exposure and privations of his mid-winter voyage on the ship Lyon had undermined his health, which continued to decline until October 1635, when he died. On the third day of November following, widow Isabel Sackett was granted, by the court, authority to administer on his estate. At same session of court, the memorable decree was entered which banished Roger Williams from the colony. Mrs. Williams had come to Newtown with her husband on that occasion, "he being in feeble health", and it is altogether probable they were entertained at the home of their bereaved friend and fellow passenger on their voyage from England, whose dwelling was convenient to the public building where the court was held.
Widow Sackett's name appears on the Newtown records for the last time under date of February 8, 1636. In June of that year the Rev. Hooker's congregation, having either sold or leased their dwellings, removed to Connecticut - widow Sackett and her boys forming part of the migrating company. Dr. Trumble give the following account of their journey:
"About the beginning of June 1636, Mr. Hooker and about 100 men, women and children took their departure from Newtown and traveled more than a hundred miles through a hideous wilderness to Hartford. They made their journey over mountains, through swamps, thickets and rivers, which were not passable but with great difficulty. They had no cover but the heavens, nor any lodgings but those that simple nature offered them. They drove with them 160 head of cattle and carried their packs and some utensils. This adventure was the more remarkable, as many of the company were persons of figure, who had lived in England in honor, affluence and delicacy, and were entire strangers to fatigue and danger."
After Mr. Hooker's migrating company had become established at Hartford, widow Isabel Sackett became the second wife of William Bloomfield.

Simon Sackett and his wife Isabel were the parents of:

3. Simon Sackett, b. 1630; d. July 9, 1659; m. Sarah Bloomfield.
4. John Sackett, b. 1632, d. Oct 8, 1719; m. Abigail Hannum.

Extract from The Great Migration Begins.18
SIMON SACKETT      

ORIGIN: St. John Margate, Isle of Thanet, Kent
MIGRATION: 1632
FIRST RESIDENCE: Cambridge
ESTATE: On 5 August 1633 "Symo[N] Sakt" was granted one-half an acre for a cowyard in Cambridge [CaTR 5]. "Sy. Saket" received a proportional share of one in the division of the meadow on 20 August 1635 [CaTR 13]. In the Cambridge land inventory, on 10 October 1635, [blank] Sackett [i.e., Simon's widow] held five parcels: in the town one house with backside, about half a rood; half an acre in Cowyard Row; five acres on Smalllot Hill; one acre and a rood in Long Marsh; and five acres in the Great Marsh [CaBOP 33].
On 3 November 1635 there was "administration granted to Isabell Sackett of the goods & chattels of her husband, lately deceased" [MBCR 1:155].
In the listing of houses in Cambridge on 8 February 1635/6, "Widow Sackett" was credited with one in town [CaTR 18].
BIRTH: About 1602 based on date of marriage.
DEATH: Cambridge between 5 and 10 October 1635 [TAG 63:179].
MARRIAGE: St. John Margate, Isle of Thanet, Kent, 6 August 1627 Isabel Pearce. She married (2) William Bloomfield of Cambridge and Hartford [CaBOP 59, 80, 84 show that William Bloomfield sold to Robert Stedman a lot that had belonged to Simon Sackett].
CHILDREN:
     i SIMON, b. say 1628; m. about 1652 as her first husband Sarah Bloomfield (on 14 July 1659 administration on the estate of "Symon Sackett deceased" was granted to "William Blomefield of Hartford appearing to be assistant to his daughter wife of the said deceased party" [Pynchon Court 241]).      
     ii JOHN, b. say 1630; m. (1) Northampton 23 November 1659 Abigail Hannum [Pynchon VR 141]; m. (2) Westfield 14 January 1690[/1] or Springfield 15 January 1690[/1] Sarah (Stiles) Stewart [Pynchon VR 31, 61], daughter of John Stiles and widow of John Stewart [Windsor Hist 2:703].      
COMMENTS: The account of grandson Joseph in Riker's The Annals of Newtown, in Queens County, New-York ... (New York 1852) says that Simon came from the Isle of Ely in Cambridgeshire [p. 344]; this is clearly wrong, but seems to preserve a foggy family tradition that Simon came from the Isle of "Something." This scrap of evidence and the unusual combination of the names Simon and Isabel are the basis for accepting the marriage above as that of the immigrant.
"Symon Sackett" appears in an undated list, but probably from 1632, which includes the earliest settlers of Cambridge [CaTR 2].
In 1907 Charles H. Weygant proposed the existence of a John Sackett who would be brother of Simon, and who was said to have resided in Plymouth and Providence and to have been the father of the John Sackett who married at New Haven in 1652 [The Sacketts of America[:] Their Ancestors and Descendants, 1630-1907 (Newburgh, New York, 1907), p. 14]. The records show a servant by the name of John "Seckett" in New Haven by 1641 [NHCR 1:56], who is probably the same as the man who married in 1652. The proposed elder John seems to be an imaginary construct, and there is no evidence of any relationship between the immigrant Simon and John of New Haven.

Biographical sketch: Simon's brother John Sackett (the fisherman).

Children of Simon Sackett the colonist and Elizabeth Boyman

Children of Simon Sackett the colonist and Isabel Pearce

Sackett Family Association descendants
Fred Sackett, Thurmon King, Darlene Sackett, Patty Sackett Chrisman, Alyce Beggs, Ray J Sackett, Jeanette Boden, Tom Smith, Marie Reid, Donn Patrick Cutler, Sharon Allen, Cindy Torres Owens, Jack Hume, Carroll M Lawson, Ruth Rawlings, Patty Bohler, Pam Schuster Offerdahl, Steven Barbee, Bob Schuster, Charles L Sackett, Karen Gerke, Don Robinson, Diane Francis, Lynette Sackett Wilkerson, Ted Smith, Diane Lanctot, Barbara Bell, S Howard Dreelan, Eugene Venne, Debra Leffler Streeter, Kari Roehl, Charles Crain, John L Sackett, Catrina Kohl, Ross Hadley, Barbara Barbarow, Karen Pritchett, Kathleen Giusti, Floyd Oster, Brian Williams, Rachel Stella, Theresa Cotton, Jane Kirkendall, Kathy James, James R Klim, Lynn Tinsley, Sheila Partington, Steven W Frank, Jean Carpenter, Louella Sexsmith, Terry Sackett, Martha Thayer Evans, John Howard Sackett, Richard Keir, Ned Randall, Jan Roberts, Michelle Pearce, Becky Moncrief, Marlene Bekey, Irene Haas, Carol Sackett, Christina Sackett, Eva Adams, Donna Spink, Sharon Powalka, Rear Admiral Albert Monroe Sackett, Pat Stempski, Michael E Gray, Glenn Glaus, Daniel Scott Sackett, Cathy Schraeder, Rita E Sackett, Joe Sparks, Elizabeth Hoening, Michelle Morris, Peter Derrick Michael Sackett, Beverley Service, Michelle Marolis, Mike Fisher, Dennis Gottier, Kay Prindle Corwin, Ron Ruberstell, Molly Sackett, Alvin Oglesby, Wanda Phillips, Michael Leroy Trickey, Lisa Owens, Pat Williamson, Eva Saether, Claire Tschirky, Anne Murray, Amanda Ihde, Chet McLaren, Jim Gould, Roland Gautier, Jodee Thomas, Kent A Mauk, Debbie Hill, Janet French, Glen Sackett, Jeff Bellairs, Jo Gillausseyn, Peter Sackett, Gary Rood, Matthew C Sackett, Linda Hare, Anna Tabor, Carolyn Dark, Kaitlynn Santeford, Rebecca Hall, Melissa Hall, Joe Hart, Kathy Stinson, Larry Youmans, Elizabeth Anne "Beth" (Sackett) Lee, James Sackett, Richard Hearn, Sandra Kelly, Amy Crooks, Marc Howard, Kerri Kafut, Terry Lee Williams, Kelly Wauthier, Marti Prespentt, DeAnna Sackett Johnson, Donna Grote, Cinda Simmons, Paul Sackett, Kathleen "Kathi" Normandeau, Jennifer Walz Selby, Chris Kimball, Schuyler Sackett, Ann Parmenter, Craig Behrens, Katharine Visser, Michelle Pandolfi, Katie Menon, Byron Sackett, Caroline Lloyd, Bill Bonnet, Gene Theroux, Stephen Richard "Steve" Sackett, Mildred Smith, Lyle Brelsford, Diane Touzet, Brandy Harris-Hodnett, Gay Wernett, David Staynor, Walter Pogue, Byra G Sackett, Aleta Pogue, Jenn Amundson, Timothy Stemper, Owen Leslie Hill, Marvin L "Bud" Wood, Debbie McDonald, Bridget Schuelke, Susan Teagarden, Ken Buscho, Sarah Sackett, Dawn Howe, Tyler Visser, Toni Sackett Reyes, Jill Ruggiero, Margaret Russell, Debra Curry, Teggy Peterson, Cynthia "Cindy" Gerleman, Donald "Scott" Lee, Angela Bean, Richard Price, Steve O'Brien, Denise Sackett, Connie J Koran, Ann Irving, Ansley Sackett, Bob Buie, Kimberley Stewart, Kay Stewart, Henryk Dubicki, Ronald Ty "Ron" Sackett, Fred Ewins, Midgie Bardo, Shannon Watts Michael, Carolyn Sturdy, Jessica D’Errico, Carrie Sackett Riddick, Karen Sackett, Steve Sackett, Chuck Fullhart, Kim Polzin, Joshua Leewarner, Sue Mehal, Nina J Rhys, Gidgett Guillotte, Mary Harrison, Kevin Kelley, Sally Trabun Arsove, Sandra Bell, Denise LaPare, Michael Maggs, Jeff Goodfox, Lois Landvoigt, Larry Dale Weller, Carol Davis Mckinney, Susan Nykamp, Kevin M Sackett, Bec Koshak, Steven Solberg, Carolyn Kramer, Sally Day, Susan MacEwen, Kristin Burt Cooper, Myra Roper, Patricia Stahnke, Kimberly Oberholtzer, Richard McClellan, Rebecca Henry, Stacy Crabbs, Susan Peck, Donna Loscalzo, Kelly Schlabach, Rebecca Oswalt, Jim Carr, Bette Procknow, Cynthia D McGee, Patricia Roberts, Marcia V Daly, Amanda Keefer Peterson, Virginia May Marsh, Darcy C Hoisington, Patrick Kelly, Jessie Kelly, Jennifer & Carol Zadrozny, Lucy Weber, Phyllis Johnson, Teresa M Miller, Mary Graff, Anthony Austin, Maggie Wisnasky, Teresa Smith, Polly Thomas, Scott Wludyga, Nan McRee Williams and Linda Sargent Reinfeld.
Appears inNotable Sacketts
ChartsTree 7. Simon Sackett the colonist descendant chart
Notable Sacketts timeline
Thanet DNA chart 1
Reference1.1I.7

 Notes & Citations

  1. Baptisms Register, St Peter the Apostle, Thanet, Kent (Society of Genealogists), "23 November 1595 Symon s. Thomas Sackett."
  2. Robert Anderson, The Great Migration Begins - Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, vol. III, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston (1995), p1615 [TAG 63:179].
  3. Marriages Register, St Peter the Apostle, Thanet, Kent (Tyler transcripts, Society of Genealogists), "2 November 1618 Simon Sackett & Elizabeth Boyman."
  4. "Torrey’s New England Marriages Prior to 1700", database, American Ancestors, "Simon1 [Sackett] (–1635) & Isabel ___, (–1635+) m/2 William Bloomfield; by 1630; Cambridge. "
  5. Burials Register, St John the Baptist, Margate, Kent (Parish Registers 1570-1650 (U3/140/1/1) (Debrett's); Tyler transcripts; IGI), "27 February 1625/26 Elizabetha uxor Simonis Sacket."
  6. Marriages Register, St John the Baptist, Margate, Kent (Parish Registers 1570-1650 (U3/140/1/1) (Debrett's); Tyler transcripts; IGI), "6 August 1627 Matrimonius est solemnizatum inter Simone Sacket et Isabella Pearce."
  7. "Torrey’s New England Marriages Prior to 1700", database, American Ancestors, "Simon1 (-1635) & Isabel ___, (-1635+) m/2 William Bloofield; by 1630; Cambridge. "
  8. Consensus view based on available data.
  9. Cambridge City Clerk, publisher, Town Records of the Town of Cambridge (formerly Newtowne), Cambridge City Council, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1901), p5.
  10. Cambridge City Clerk, publisher, Town Records of the Town of Cambridge (formerly Newtowne), Cambridge City Council, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1901), p12-13.
  11. Lucius Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts 1630-1870, Houghlin & Co, Boston (1877), p651.
  12. Website Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org), Picture Hooker's Company reach the Connecticut originally published in Samuel Adams Drake, 'History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts' (1880, vol. 1).
  13. R K I Quested, The Isle of Thanet Farming Community. An agrarian history of easternmost Kent: outlines from early times to 1993, Wye College Press (distributor), Ashford, Kent (1996), pp47-8.
  14. The names of some passengers on this voyage of the Lyon were recorded by John Winthrop in his Journal: "Febr: 5 [1630/31] The shippe Lyon with mr Wm: Peirce master, arived at Nataskat, she brought mr williams (a godly man) with his wife, mr Throgmorton, [blank] Perkins, [blank] Onge & others with their wiues & Children, about 20: passingers, & about 200: tun. of goodes: she sett sayle from Bristow december 1: she had a verye tempestuous passage, yet through Godes mercye all her people came safe, except waye his sonne, who fell from the spritsayle yarde in a tempest & could not be recovered thoughe he kept in sight neere 1/4 of an howre: her goodes allso came all in good condition." [Richard S Dunn, James Savage, and Laetitia Yeandle, editors, The Journal of John Winthrop 1630–1649 (The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1996), 44–45.]
  15. An article on Roger Williams in The Genealogists' Post (May 1964) states: "Among the passengers [on the Lyon] was the Reverend Roger Williams and his wife Mary; John Throckmorton with his wife Rebecca and children, John and Patience; John Perkins with his wife Judith and children John, Elizabeth, Mary, Thomas and Jacon; Edmond Onge and his wife Frances and children Simon and Jonah; and William Parke."
  16. Dunn, Savage, and Yeandle, editors, The Journal of John Winthrop, 45–46, "8: [Feb 1630/31] The Governor went aboard the Lyon rydinge by longe Ilande." "9: [Feb] The Lyon came to an Anchor before Boston, where she rode verye well notwithstandinge the great drifte of Ice." "10: [Feb] The frost brake vp, & after that, thoughe we had many snowes & sharpe frostes yet they continued not, neither were the waters frozen vp as before: (it hathe been observed ever since this baye was planted by Englishmen viz. 7: yeares) that at this daye the froste hathe broke vp everye yeare. The poorer sorte of people (who laye in tentes &c:) were muche afflicted with the Sckirvye, & many dyed, especially at Boston & Charles towne, but when this shippe came, & brought store of Iuice of Lemons, manye recovered speedylye. It hathe beene alwayes observed heere, that suche as fell into discontente & lingered after their former Conditions in Englande, fell into the skirvye, & dyed."
  17. A plaque placed in Winthrop Park in Harvard Square by the Cambridge Historical Commission in 1980 states, "By July 26, 1631, eight houses were completed and occupied by Dudley, Bradstreet, Lockwood, Poole, "Capt." Patrick, Spencer, Kirman, and Sackett." Enquiries made by Lester L Sackett in 2004 reveal that the Commission's source for the 1631 date was Lucius Paige's History of Cambridge (Riverside Press, 1877). However, study of Paige's work suggests that the Commission's conclusion, that these eight men were established in Cambridge by July 1631, rather stretches the evidence. Indeed, Paige was careful to state that he had no "certain proof". Referring to the Town Records, Paige stated, "But this Book of Records was not commenced until 1632, several months after Dudley and Bradstreet performed their promise 'to build houses at the New Town.' Whether more than the before mentioned eight persons, and indeed whether all these resided in the New Town before the end of 1631, I have not found any certain proof. The number of inhabitants in that year was doubtless small, yet there were enough able-bodied men to be specially included in an order of the court passed July 26, 1631, requiring a general training of soldiers in all the plantations." There would seem, therefore, to be satisfactory evidence that Dudley and Bradstreet had built houses in Newtown in 1631. While it is likely that others had also done so, there is no direct evidence of this.
  18. Robert Anderson, The Great Migration Begins - Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, vol. III, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston (1995).
Last Edited29 November 2017