Bemidji, Beltrami County, Minnesota
- The Bemidji Daily Pioneer, June 27, 1906, p. 2, col. 4.
"UNTIL ARREARS ARE WIPED OUT.
Supreme Lodge, United Workmen, Levies Special Assessment.
Montreal, June 27.—The supreme lodge, Ancient Order of United Workmen, has concluded its sessions here. To place the order on a more substantial basis the following action was taken:
The present indebtedness of the order will be met by an assessment of 10 cents per month upon each member until the arrears are wiped out; this to be applied to lodges which have failed to meet their obligations. Each high rate jurisdiction before receiving aid from the general order must agree to put in force the following rates before Oct. 1: $1.24 per month per $1,000 at the age of eighteen years and scaling up to $2.05 at thirty-five; $3.09 at forty-six; $4.04 at fifty-two to the extreme limit of $9.65 at seventy years. Specified forms of policies are exempted.
The guarantee fund established three years ago and which resulted in the secession of several grand lodges has been abolished. Officers were elected as follows:
Supreme master workman, W. H. Narvis, Muscatine, Ia.; supreme foreman, J. A. Eickstein, New Ulm, Minn.; supreme overseer, J. C. Gallagher, New Haven, Conn.; supreme recorder, P. W. Sackett, Meadville, Pa.; supreme receiver, H. B. Dickinson, Buffalo, N. Y.; supreme guide, A. T. Patterson, Montreal; supreme watch, M. E. Schultz, Beatrice, Neb."
[Record added August 2011]
- The Bemidji Daily Pioneer, July 19, 1907, p. 2, col. 2.
"MINE OWNER ON THE STAND
Describes Conditions Existing at Telluride, Colo., Prior to the Declaration of Martial Law and the Arrival of Militia on the Scene.
Boise. Ida., July 1.—Rebuttal evidence for the state in the Haywood trial was concluded during the afternoon and as the case now stands it is likely arguments will begin Friday.
O. M. Sackett, one of the officials of the Smuggler Union mine at Telluride, Colo., was the one witness under examination during the morning. He gave an interesting account of the conditions existing in Telluride from 1901 to 1906 leading up to the declaration of martial law.
An interesting piece of documentary evidence introduced by the state was a written agreement entered into in 1901 between Edward Collins, manager of the Smuggler Union mine, and Vincent St. John, president of the local union of the Western Federation of Miners. Under this agreement St. John agreed to stop the attacks upon the Smuggler Union mine as agreed between himself and Mr. Collins.
Under cross-examination Sackett was unshaken. He joined the action of the citizens in taking the law into their own hands prior to the arrival of the militia and described the conditions as contrary to the wellbeing of peace loving citizens.
On the opening of court Attorney Richardson notified the state that the defense desired three of the state witnesses to remain in town. Judge Wood announced that prior to the opening of argument he would notify counsel as to the main points in the evidence of which he would instruct the jury. Clarence Darrow, for the defense, announced the sur-rebuttal for the defense would be very short.
May Increase Court Hours.
Judge Wood said that while he would not limit the attorneys in the arguments he probably would increase the court hours so as to get through as quickly as possible. The lawyers were inclined to protest against this. Mr. Hawley, for the state, announced that he had been anything but well during the past few days. He said he might have to temporarily abandon the examination of witnesses if he felt no better. The matter of arranging the hours for argument was finally left in abeyance.
O. M. Sackett of Telluride, Colo., for fifteen years an employee of the Smuggler Union mine, was the first witness of the day. He told his personal experience in the big riot at the Smuggler Union mine in 1901, when he said that he and several other employees were compelled to run a perfect hail of bullets in order to get to the mine.
The witness stated that Vincent St. John was head of the local union at Telluride at that time. Over objection by the defense he was allowed to state that as a result of negotiations he had with St. John an agreement between Edgar A. Collins, assistant manager of the mine, and St. John of the union, was drawn up and signed. The agreement, when offered in evidence, was objected to by the defense. Judge Wood, after considering the matter for some little time, decided to admit the paper and it proved one of the most interesting and important exhibits of the trial. It was dated July 3, 1901, and in it the Miners' union agreed to refrain from violence for three days. The agreement was in part as follows:
Agreed to Refrain From Violence.
"It is hereby agreed between the Miners' union, by V. St. John, president, and the Smuggler Union company, by Edgar A. Collins, assistant manager, that all work on said mine shall cease for a period of three days ending Friday, and that said MinersŐ union will refrain from violence as to the person and property for the same period. The said Smuggler Union mine may employ four guards during the period."
The witness then told of the killing of Arthur Collins, superintendent of the mine, the disappearance of several miners in the district and various disorders. He said the men were afraid to work, that many of these were shot at on their way to the mines and it was because of these conditions that the troops were brought in and martial law proclaimed.
On cross-examination Sackett said the trouble in 1901 lasted only three days. Then the agreement went into effect and the matter was settled.
Attorney Richardson read to the witness and the jury another agreement entered into on July 6, 1901, by the Smuggler Union mine and the Miners' union. It set forth that the differences between the mine and the union had been amicably adjusted, the union expressing its "entire disapproval of the recent outrages" and agreeing not to molest union or nonunion workers.
Sackett next was asked as to the part he played in the deportation of the men from the Telluride district. He said he helped "escort" out of town members who were recognized as agitators and who had prevented peaceable citizens from going to work.
"You made these deportations without any authority of law, didn't you?"
"We had the law of self-defense," replied Sackett."
[Record added August 2011]
- The Bemidji Daily Pioneer, July 23, 1914, p. 2, col. 5.
"FlVE WORKMEN ARE KILLED AT PANAMA
Eighteen Others Injured by Premature Blast.
Panama, July 2.—The premature explosion of a 4,800-pound dynamite charge at Oucanacha slide killed five workmen, four of them white, and severely injured one white man and seventeen negroes.
The workmen were aboard the drill barge Teredo, which was wrecked and sank in the channel. The men had just completed charging the last of eight drill holes with 600 pounds of 60 per cent dynamite when the explosion occurred. The charge was to have removed the last stone in the channel cut.
The white men killed were David Kett, captain of the barge, of Amherstburg, Ont; Charles Sackett, Parkersburg, Md.; J. F. Smith, Philadelphia, Pa.; J. H. Jones, Houghton, Mich.
Michael Koenig of Maryland was severely injured. The two men who were charging the hole escaped without injury. It is thought several of the injured negroes will die."
[Record added August 2011]
Website Library of Congress, Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/). (Researched & transcribed by Karen Gerke).